Immunity is often challenged by the invasion of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other pathogens. This requires the resources of the innate and adaptive immune system to protect the body. Supporting both arms of the immune response with nutrients is a vital aspect of maintaining a healthy immune system.
The innate immune response is the first line of defense, where white blood cells engulf and digest pathogens through a process called phagocytosis. If necessary, the immune system will initiate the adaptive immune response to support the innate response. The adaptive immune system includes a more specialized, targeted attack with T cells and B cells attacking pathogens and creating antibodies.
The immune response, like other critical processes in the body, require adequate nutrition to function at its best. Two critical immune nutrients for strong immune function are zinc and vitamin D. Also important for immunity is a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables.