Medicinal Herbs and ADHD


Scientific Name: Salvia officinalis


  • Volatile oils (alpha & beta thujone, camphor, 1,8-cineole, b-caryophyllene & limonene, borneol)
  • Flavonoids (Phytoestrogens)
  • Phenolic acids: rosmarinic, carnosic, ursolic, luteolin, salvin & salvigenin
  • Tannins
  • Bitter resin (picrosalvin & carnosol)
  • Fixed oil

Medicinal actions:

  • Anti-cancer
  • Antioxidant
  • Antimicrobial
  • Carminative & Antispasmodic
  • Diuretic
  • Emmenagogue
  • Hypolipidemic
  • Immune stimulant
  • Nervine Tonic
  • Reproductive Tonic
  • Vulnerary

Mechanism of Action & Pharmacology:

  • Flavones and flavonoids are phytoestrogenic and have estrogen-modulating effects.
  • Volatile oils (thujone, camphor, cineole and borneol) & flavonoids are primarily responsible for antimicrobial & antispasmodic effects.
  • Phenolic glycosides have antioxidant properties. Ursolic acid inhibits angiogenesis and invasion of tumor cells and metastasis.
  • Phenolic acids (rosmarinic & carnosic) are powerful anti-inflammatories & antioxidants with the ability to act as food preservatives.
  • Tannins are mainly responsible for astringent effects.


  • Infusion
  • Capsules
  • Tincture
  • As a gargle or mouthwash and as food in culinary amounts
  • Essential oil: Aromatherapy

Safety & Toxicity Concerns:

  • In very high doses can cause convulsions.
  • Avoid internal use of essential oil, long-term use (especially of tincture extract) due to thujone content, and in pregnancy and lactation (may stimulate uterine contractions & reduce breast milk production).


  • None known.

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