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Scientific Name: Piscidia erythrina

Constituents:

  • Glycosides (piscidin)
  • Isoflavonoids (ichthynone, durmillone. jamiacin, piscidone, rotenone, sumatrol & lisetin)
  • Pyrano-rotenoids (erythynone & hydroxyerythynone)
  • Calcium oxalate
  • Acids (piscidic, malic, succinic, tartaric)
  • Resin
  • Volatile oils
  • Tannins
  • Saponins

Medicinal actions:

  • Analgesic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antispasmodic
  • Bitter
  • Nervine Relaxant & Sedative

Mechanism of Action & Pharmacology:

  • Very little known.
  • Isoflavonoids may be antispasmodic and cardiac relaxants.

Pharmacy:

  • Decoction
  • Tincture
  • Capsules

Safety & Toxicity Concerns:

  • Rotenone is a mitochondrial toxin which can produce Parkinson syndrome in rats, and is also an insecticide and has anti-cancer activity and is responsible for the plant’s toxicity.
  • High doses may cause bradycardia, hypotension, nausea, vomiting, numbness, tremor, sweating, headache, paralysis and death.
  • Avoid in pregnancy, lactation, children and the elderly.
  • Use caution in CVD and cardiac insufficiency.

Interactions:

  • Theoretically may potentiate the effect of sedatives and tranquilizers.

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