Medicinal Herbs and ADHD


Scientific Name: Viburnum opulus


  • Salicylates (e.g. salicin)
  • Coumarins (scopoletin & scopaline)
  • Tannins & Phenolic acids (cinnamic & benzoic acid derivatives, including caffeic, p-coumaric, ferulic acid, gallic, ellagic & syringic)
  • Sesquiterpenes (Viopudial & Viburtinal)
  • Resin glycoside (Viburnin)
  • Valeric acid
  • Proanthocyanidins (Flavonols)
  • Hydroquinone glycosides (arbutin)
  • Bitter (viburnin)

Medicinal actions:

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antioxidant
  • Antispasmodic
  • Astringent
  • Bitter
  • Emmenagogue
  • Hypotensive
  • Nervine Relaxant
  • Uterine Tonic

Mechanism of Action & Pharmacology:

  • Salicylates are anti-inflammatory & analgesic.
  • Coumarins (scopoletin & scopaline) are uterine relaxants, scopoletin being especially antispasmodic.
  • Tannins are astringent and may reduce excessive blood loss during menstruation.
  • Hydroquinone glycosides (arbutin) have emmenagogue effects.
  • Proanthocyanidins have demonstrated gastroprotective effects via an increase in endogenous NO generation, suppression of lipid peroxidation and mobilization of antioxidant activity (increased the activity of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase) of the gastroduodenal mucosa in rat models.
  • Sesquiterpenes (Viopudial) is hypotensive & a smooth muscle antispasmodic.


  • Decoction
  • Tincture
  • Capsules
  • Topical as a liniment, compress or ointment

Safety & Toxicity Concerns:

  • Nausea, vomiting and gastric upset may occur with large doses.
  • Avoid in those with allergy or hypersensitivity to salicylates (may experience rare reaction, causing urticaria, rhinitis, asthma & bronchial spasm), and in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient (causes hemolytic anemia).
  • Use with caution during lactation (salicylates may cause rashes in babies).
  • Expected to have only mild effects on platelet function.
  • Theoretical possibility of Reye’s syndrome, an acute sepsis-like illness encountered exclusively in children below 15 years of age. The cause is unknown, although viral agents and drugs, especially salicylates, have been implicated.
  • In high doses, salicylic acid has an ototoxic effect by inhibiting prestin, which is the motor protein of the outer hair cells of the inner ear of the mammalian cochlea. It has been known to induce transient hearing loss in zinc-deficient individuals.
  • Theoretically, Salicylism, which is an acute overdose of salicylates, can produce toxicity symptoms, ranging from mild nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, lethargy, tinnitus, and dizziness, depending on the dose consumed.


  • Avoid while using aspirin or other salicylate containing substances, alcohol, barbiturates/sedatives, NSAIDs, anticoagulants, methotrexate, spironolactone, phenytoin, valproate medications.

Scientifically driven. Education focused. Healing Inspired.

Subscribe to Insights

Receive clinically driven nutrition insights you can trust.

Animated Newsletter WM

Join Our Community to Read Further

This is a premium article created for our Healthcare Practitioner readers. Create a free account to continue reading and gain full access.



WholisticMatters offers health care practitioners and nutrition enthusiasts alike the opportunity to create a free profile for access to site features like bookmarking. Enjoying an article you are reading or a video you are watching? Save it to come back to later! Sign up in seconds for continuous access to all that WholisticMatters has to offer.

WholisticMatters also offers health care practitioners who create a free user profile access to exclusive content and tools to utilize in clinical practice. Articles, tools, and downloads created specifically for practitioners to use in their office for better patient education in clinical nutrition and health. Sign up today with your email and credentials so we can confirm you as a health care practitioner, and you are free to peruse the resources unique to you and your colleagues in health.


Create Your Account:

show-pass Please use 8 or more characters with a mix of letters, numbers & symbols

Create a free account to use our great bookmarking tool

Once your account is created, you'll be able to save and organize what matters to you!

Already have an Account? Login Here

Click 'Sign Up' above to accept Wholistic Matters's Terms of Service & Privacy Policy.

Are you a Healthcare Professional? Sign Up For Free Access!

We'll verify your credentials and get you access to our great interactive tools.

Already have an Account? Login Here

Click 'Sign Up' above to accept Wholistic Matters's Terms of Service & Privacy Policy.