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Scientific Name: Matricaria recutita

Constituents:

  • Volatile oil (a-bisabolol, azulene, chamazulene & matricin)
  • Flavonoids (apigenin, luteolin, quercetin)
  • Sesquiterpenes lactones
  • Coumarins (umbelliferone)
  • Salicylic acid
  • Choline
  • Fatty acids
  • Mucilage

Medicinal actions:

  • Anti-emetic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antimicrobial
  • Bitter
  • Carminative & Antispasmodic
  • Demulcent
  • Nervine Relaxant
  • Vulnerary

Mechanism of Action & Pharmacology:

  • Volatile oils bisabolol, chamazulene, azulene & matricin are primarily responsible for anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, and antimicrobial effects.
  • Flavonoids like apigenin are antispasmodic and have sedative effects.
  • Coumarins (umbelliferone) are anti-fungal and anti-bacterial.
  • Sesquiterpene lactones possibly responsible for anti-allergenic effects.

Pharmacy:

  • Infusion: 1-2 tsp/cup water; steep 3-5 min. covered; 1 cup TID.
  • Tincture (1:5, 45%), 1-4 ml TID. 80 ml weekly max.
  • Baths, Steams & Enemas.
  • Note: Is best dosed on the low end of its dosage range over a long period of time (e.g. 8 weeks).

Safety & Toxicity Concerns:

  • Is a smooth muscle relaxant and therefore may contribute to miscarriage in pregnant women, especially before 12 weeks. Best avoided in pregnancy.
  • Avoid in known allergy to Asteraceae family

Interactions:

  • Potential interactions with antiarrhythmics, anti-coagulants, anti-diabetic agents, anti-hypertensives, CNS depressants, SERMs, and spasmolytics.
  • May inhibit non heme-Iron absorption.

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