Medicinal Herbs and ADHD


Scientific Name: Apium graveolens


  • Volatile oil (limonene, selenine & phthalide compounds including phtalidglycosides)
  • Flavonoids (apigenin, apiin, luteolin, chrysoeriol & quercitin)
  • Furanocoumarins
  • Fatty acids (linoleic, myristic, oleic, palmitic, stearic, and petroselinic)
  • Alkaloids
  • Vitamins C, beta-carotene & Minerals (sodium, calcium, iron, potassium)

Medicinal actions:

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antimicrobial
  • Anti-rheumatic
  • Bitter
  • Carminative & Antispasmodic
  • Diuretic
  • Emmenagogue (Uterine stimulant)
  • Galactagogue
  • Hypotensive
  • Nervine relaxant

Mechanism of Action & Pharmacology:

  • Volatile oils can cause irritation of the kidneys, which may contribute to diuretic effects.
  • Volatile oils & alkaloids are calming and appear to have depressant, tranquilizing effects on the CNS.
  • Phthalide compounds are antispasmodic, sedative, diuretic & hypotensive.
  • Flavonoids are diuretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic & anti-platelet.


  • Tincture
  • Dried seed
  • Decoction
  • Fresh seed juice

Safety & Toxicity Concerns:

  • Monitor in hypertension or fluid retention due to sodium content.
  • Furanocoumarins in combination with UV light may cause photodermatitis.
  • Use caution in acute kidney conditions due to the irritating effect of the volatile oils.
  • Avoid in pregnancy due to volatile oils with possible abortifacient effects.
  • Potential for allergy exists.


  • Theoretically reduce serum levels of thyroxine.

Scientifically driven. Education focused. Healing Inspired.

Subscribe to Insights

Receive clinically driven nutrition insights you can trust.

Animated Newsletter WM

Join Our Community to Read Further

This is a premium article created for our Healthcare Practitioner readers. Create a free account to continue reading and gain full access.



WholisticMatters offers health care practitioners and nutrition enthusiasts alike the opportunity to create a free profile for access to site features like bookmarking. Enjoying an article you are reading or a video you are watching? Save it to come back to later! Sign up in seconds for continuous access to all that WholisticMatters has to offer.

WholisticMatters also offers health care practitioners who create a free user profile access to exclusive content and tools to utilize in clinical practice. Articles, tools, and downloads created specifically for practitioners to use in their office for better patient education in clinical nutrition and health. Sign up today with your email and credentials so we can confirm you as a health care practitioner, and you are free to peruse the resources unique to you and your colleagues in health.


Create Your Account:

show-pass Please use 8 or more characters with a mix of letters, numbers & symbols

Create a free account to use our great bookmarking tool

Once your account is created, you'll be able to save and organize what matters to you!

Already have an Account? Login Here

Click 'Sign Up' above to accept Wholistic Matters's Terms of Service & Privacy Policy.

Are you a Healthcare Professional? Sign Up For Free Access!

We'll verify your credentials and get you access to our great interactive tools.

Already have an Account? Login Here

Click 'Sign Up' above to accept Wholistic Matters's Terms of Service & Privacy Policy.