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Phytonutrients like anthocyanidins, betanin, ellagic acid, and lycopene are found in foods like beets, tomatoes, watermelon, pink grapefruit, raspberries, strawberries, and cherries. Anthocyanidins may reduce hypertension risk, reduce inflammation, and protect against cancer. Betanin acts as a scavenger of reactive oxygen species and may regulation gene expression on pathways like Nrf2.
Ellagic acid has been shown to protect DNA from oxidative damage and act as a free radical scavenger. Lycopene is among the most potent carotenoid free radical scavnegers and may reduce the risk of cardiovascular incidents and prostate cancer.